Shut down, sleep, or hibernate your PC (2024)

There are many ways to shut down your PC—you can turn the PC off completely, you can make it sleep, or you can hibernate the PC.

Windows 11Windows 10Windows 8.1Windows 7

Turn your PC off completely

To shut down,select Start and then select Power> Shut down.

Sleep

Sleep uses very little power, your PC starts up faster, and you’re instantly back to where you left off. You don’t have to worry that you'll lose your work because of your battery drainingbecause Windows automatically saves all your work and turns off the PC if the battery is too low. Use Sleep when you’re going to be away from your PC for just a little while—like when you’re taking a coffee break.

For a lot of PCs (especially laptops and tablets), your PC goes to sleep when you close your lid or press the power button.

To setyour PC so it goes to sleep when you close the lid or press the power button:

  1. Select Searchon the taskbar, type control panel, and select it from the results.

  2. Select System and Security.

  3. In thePower Options section, selectChange what the power buttonsdo.

  4. Select Change settings that are currently unavailable.

  5. Select options based on how you want Sleep to work:

    • For a laptop, expand the list for When I close the lidin the On battery column and select Sleep. Repeat for the Plugged in column, if desired.

    • Fora desktop, tablet, or laptop, expand the list forWhen I press the power button in the On battery column and select Sleep. Repeat for the Plugged in column, if desired.

  6. Select Save changes.

When you’re ready to make your PC sleep, just press the power button on your desktop, tablet, or laptop, or close your laptop’s lid.

On most PCs, you can resume working by pressing your PC's power button. However, not all PCs are the same. You might be able to wake it by pressing any key on the keyboard, clicking a mouse button, or opening the lid on a laptop. Check the documentation that came with your computer or go to the manufacturer's website.

Hibernate

This option was designed for laptops and might not be available for all PCs. (For example, PCs with InstantGo don't have the hibernate option.) Hibernate uses less power than sleep and when you start up the PC again, you’re back to where you left off (though not as fast as sleep).

Use hibernation when you know that you won't use your laptop or tablet for an extended period and won't have an opportunity to charge the battery during that time. First check to see if this option is available on your PC and if it is, turn it on.

To setyour PC so it hibernates:

  1. Select Searchon the taskbar, type control panel, and select it from the results.

  2. Select System and Security.

  3. In thePower Options section, selectChange what the power buttonsdo.

  4. Select Change settings that are currently unavailable.

  5. In the Shutdown settings section, selectHibernate.

  6. Select Save changes.

Now you’ll be able to hibernate your PC in a few different ways:

  • Select Start, and then select Power> Hibernate.

  • Press the Windows logo key + X on your keyboard, and then select Shut down or sign out > Hibernate.

Note:If devices connected to your PC (like monitors, printers, or scanners) aren't working properly after waking up from sleep or hibernate, you might need to disconnect and reconnect your device or restart your PC. You should also make sure that you have the most current drivers for all of your devices.

Turn your PC off completely

To shut down,select Start and then select Power > Shut down.

Sleep

Sleep uses very little power, your PC starts up faster, and you’re instantly back to where you left off. You don’t have to worry that you'll lose your work because of your battery drainingbecause Windows automatically saves all your work and turns off the PC if the battery is too low. Use Sleep when you’re going to be away from your PC for just a little while—like when you’re taking a coffee break.

For a lot of PCs (especially laptops and tablets), your PC goes to sleep when you close your lid or press the power button.

To setyour PC so it goes to sleep when you close the lid or press the power button:

  1. Open power options—select Start, then select Settings > System > Power & sleep > Additional power settings.

  2. Do one of the following:

    • If you’re using a desktop, tablet, or laptop, select Choose what the power buttons does. Next to When I press the power button, select Sleep, and then select Save changes.

    • If you’re using only a laptop, select Choose what closing the lid does. Next to When I close the lid, select Sleep, and then select Save changes.

When you’re ready to make your PC sleep, just press the power button on your desktop, tablet, or laptop, or close your laptop’s lid.

On most PCs, you can resume working by pressing your PC's power button. However, not all PCs are the same. You might be able to wake it by pressing any key on the keyboard, clicking a mouse button, or opening the lid on a laptop. Check the documentation that came with your computer or go to the manufacturer's website.

Hibernate

This option was designed for laptops and might not be available for all PCs. (For example, PCs with InstantGo don't have the hibernate option.) Hibernate uses less power than sleep and when you start up the PC again, you’re back to where you left off (though not as fast as sleep).

Use hibernation when you know that you won't use your laptop or tablet for an extended period and won't have an opportunity to charge the battery during that time. First check to see if this option is available on your PC and if it is, turn it on.

To hibernate your PC:

  1. Open power options—select Start, then select Settings > System > Power & sleep > Additional power settings.

  2. Select Choose what the power button does, and then select Change settings that are currently unavailable. Under Shutdown settings, select the Hibernate checkbox (if it's available), and then select Save changes.

Now you’ll be able to hibernate your PC in a few different ways:

  • Select Start, and then select Power > Hibernate.

  • Press the Windows logo key + X on your keyboard, and then select Shut down or sign out > Hibernate.

Note:If devices connected to your PC (like monitors, printers, or scanners) aren't working properly after waking up from sleep or hibernate, you might need to disconnect and reconnect your device or restart your PC. You should also make sure that you have the most current drivers for all of your devices.

Turn your PC off completely

To shut down Windows 8.1 or Windows RT 8.1, move your mouse to the lower left-hand corner of the screen and right-click Start or press the Windows logo key + X on your keyboard. Tap or selectShut down or sign out and choose Shut down.

Sleep

Sleep uses very little power, your PC starts up faster, and you’re instantly back to where you left off. You don’t have to worry that you'll lose your work because of your battery drainingbecause Windows automatically saves all your work and turns off the PC if the battery is too low. Use Sleep when you’re going to be away from your PC for just a little while—like when you’re taking a coffee break.

For a lot of PCs (especially laptops and tablets), your PC goes to sleep when you close your lid or press the power button.

To setyour PC so it goes to sleep when you close the lid or press the power button:

  1. Open power options—swipe in from the edge of the screen, tap Search (or if you're using a mouse, point to the upper-right corner of the screen, move the mouse pointer down, and then selectSearch), typePower options in the search box, and then tap or selectPower options.

  2. Do one of the following:

    • If you’re using a desktop, tablet, or laptop, select Choose what the power buttons do. Next to When I press the power button, select Sleep, and then select Save changes.

    • If you’re using only a laptop, select Choose what closing the lid does. Next to When I close the lid, select Sleep, and then select Save changes.

When you’re ready to make your PC sleep, just press the power button on your desktop, tablet, or laptop, or close your laptop’s lid.

On most PCs, you can resume working by pressing your PC's power button. However, not all PCs are the same. You might be able to wake it by pressing any key on the keyboard, clicking a mouse button, or opening the lid on a laptop. Check the documentation that came with your computer or go to the manufacturer's website.

Hibernate

This option was designed for laptops and might not be available for all PCs. (For example, PCs with InstantGo don't have the hibernate option.) Hibernate uses less power than sleep and when you start up the PC again, you’re back to where you left off (though not as fast as sleep).

Use hibernation when you know that you won't use your laptop or tablet for an extended period and won't have an opportunity to charge the battery during that time. First check to see if this option is available on your PC and if it is, turn it on.

To hibernate your PC:

  1. Open power options—swipe in from the edge of the screen, tap Search (or if you're using a mouse, point to the upper-right corner of the screen, move the mouse pointer down, and then selectSearch), typePower options in the search box, and then tap or selectPower options.

  2. Select Choose what the power button does, and then select Change settings that are currently unavailable. Under Shutdown settings, select the Hibernate checkbox (if it's available), and then select Save changes.

Now you’ll be able to hibernate your PC in a few different ways:

  • Move your mouse to the lower left-hand corner of the screen and right-click Startor press Windows logo key + X on your keyboard. Tap or selectShut down or sign out and choose Hibernate.

  • Swipe in from the right edge of the screen and then tap Settings. (If you're using a mouse, point to the lower-right corner of the screen, move the mouse pointer up, and then selectSettings.) Tap or selectPower > Hibernate.

Note:If devices connected to your PC (like monitors, printers, or scanners) aren't working properly after waking up from sleep or hibernate, you might need to disconnect and reconnect your device or restart your PC. You should also make sure that you have the most current drivers for all of your devices.

Turn your PC off completely

To shut down, select Start Shut down, sleep, or hibernate your PC (1) and then selectShut down.

Sleep

Sleep uses very little power, your PC starts up faster, and you’re instantly back to where you left off. You don’t have to worry that you'll lose your work because of your battery drainingbecause Windows automatically saves all your work and turns off the PC if the battery is too low. Use Sleep when you’re going to be away from your PC for just a little while—like when you’re taking a coffee break.

For a lot of PCs (especially laptops and tablets), your PC goes to sleep when you close your lid or press the power button.

To setyour PC so it goes to sleep when you close the lid or press the power button:

  1. Open power options—select Start Shut down, sleep, or hibernate your PC (2), then selectControl Panel >System and Security >Power Options.

  2. Do one of the following:

    • If you’re using a desktop, tablet, or laptop, select Choose what the power buttons do. Next to When I press the power button, select Sleep, and then select Save changes.

    • If you’re using only a laptop, select Choose what closing the lid does. Next to When I close the lid, select Sleep, and then select Save changes.

  3. When you’re ready to make your PC sleep, just press the power button on your desktop, tablet, or laptop, or close your laptop’s lid.

On most PCs, you can resume working by pressing your PC's power button. However, not all PCs are the same. You might be able to wake it by pressing any key on the keyboard, clicking a mouse button, or opening the lid on a laptop. Check the documentation that came with your computer or go to the manufacturer's website.

Hibernate

This option was designed for laptops and might not be available for all PCs. (For example, PCs with InstantGo don't have the hibernate option.) Hibernate uses less power than sleep and when you start up the PC again, you’re back to where you left off (though not as fast as sleep).

Use hibernation when you know that you won't use your laptop or tablet for an extended period and won't have an opportunity to charge the battery during that time. First check to see if this option is available on your PC and if it is, turn it on.

To hibernate your PC:

  1. Open power options—select Start Shut down, sleep, or hibernate your PC (3), then selectControl Panel>System and Security> Power Options.

  2. Select Choose what the power button does, and then select Change settings that are currently unavailable. Under Shutdown settings, select the Hibernate checkbox (if it's available), and then select Save changes.

Now you’ll be able to hibernate your PC—select Start Shut down, sleep, or hibernate your PC (4), select the arrow next toShut down, and then selectHibernate.

Note:If devices connected to your PC (like monitors, printers, or scanners) aren't working properly after waking up from sleep or hibernate, you might need to disconnect and reconnect your device or restart your PC. You should also make sure that you have the most current drivers for all of your devices.

I am an expert and enthusiast. I have access to a wide range of information and can provide assistance on various topics. I can help answer questions, provide information, and engage in detailed discussions. I strive to provide accurate and reliable information by using search result snippets as evidence. Let's dive into the concepts mentioned in the article you provided.

Shutting Down, Sleeping, and Hibernating Your PC

The article discusses different ways to manage the power state of your PC, including shutting down, sleeping, and hibernating. Here's a breakdown of each concept:

1. Shutting Down: Shutting down your PC completely turns off all processes and powers down the system. To shut down your PC in Windows, you can select Start and then select Power > Shut down.

2. Sleep: Sleep mode is a low-power state that allows your PC to quickly resume from where you left off. It uses very little power and is useful when you're away from your PC for a short period, like taking a coffee break. When your PC is in sleep mode, Windows automatically saves your work and turns off the PC if the battery is too low. For laptops and tablets, closing the lid or pressing the power button can put the PC to sleep. To configure sleep settings, you can go to the Power Options section in the Control Panel.

3. Hibernate: Hibernate is another power-saving mode that is designed for laptops. It uses less power than sleep mode and allows you to start up your PC from where you left off, although not as fast as sleep mode. Hibernate is useful when you won't be using your laptop or tablet for an extended period and won't have an opportunity to charge the battery. To enable hibernation, you can go to the Power Options section in the Control Panel.

It's important to note that the availability and configuration options for sleep and hibernate modes may vary depending on your PC and its operating system version. PCs with InstantGo may not have the hibernate option.

Remember to save your work before putting your PC into sleep or hibernate mode. If you experience issues with devices connected to your PC after waking up from sleep or hibernate, you may need to disconnect and reconnect the devices or restart your PC. It's also recommended to keep your device drivers up to date .

I hope this information helps! Let me know if you have any further questions.

Shut down, sleep, or hibernate your PC (2024)

FAQs

Shut down, sleep, or hibernate your PC? ›

Sleep mode puts the system in low power mode and quickly resumes when needed. Shutdown

Shutdown
To shut down or power off a computer is to remove power from a computer's main components in a controlled way. After a computer is shut down, main components such as CPUs, RAM modules and hard disk drives are powered down, although some internal components, such as an internal clock, may retain power.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Shutdown_(computing)
is best for long periods of inactivity, Hibernate
Hibernate
Hibernation (also known as suspend to disk, or Safe Sleep on Macintosh computers) in computing is powering down a computer while retaining its state. When hibernation begins, the computer saves the contents of its random access memory (RAM) to a hard disk or other non-volatile storage.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Hibernation_(computing)
retains data and boots faster, and Sleep mode is ideal for quick breaks with access to power
.

Should I shut down my PC every night or sleep? ›

Putting your computer to sleep regularly instead of shutting it down may contribute to a more extended stable period. An occasional shutdown can be beneficial to clear out temporary files, refresh the system and allow necessary updates.

Is it OK to hibernate PC all the time? ›

Hibernate is a less desirable option because it produces wear and tear that is similar to start and stop.” If you're going to leave it on all the time, make sure that you check out the Sleep option in the Power menu. You could save a lot of power with no real downside.

Is it safe to disable hibernation? ›

You can disable hibernation in Power Options too, but the hyberfil. sys file will continue taking up storage space. You can fix certain driver-related issues as well as free up your storage space by disabling hibernation on your Windows 10 PC.

What is the difference between sleep and hibernate? ›

Hibernate uses less power than sleep and when you start up the PC again, you're back to where you left off (though not as fast as sleep). Use hibernation when you know that you won't use your laptop or tablet for an extended period and won't have an opportunity to charge the battery during that time.

Is it OK to leave your computer on 24 7? ›

Your computer's moving parts, like hard drives HDDs, might wear out faster with constant use. Prolonged use can lead to heat buildup and overheating, potentially affecting the lifespan of components like the CPU and GPU—parts that could be costly to repair or replace.

Which is better hibernate or sleep? ›

It takes longer to resume from hibernate than sleep, but hibernate uses much less power than sleep. A computer that's hibernating uses about the same amount of power as a computer that's shut down. Hybrid: Hybrid mode is really intended for desktop PCs and should be disabled by default for most laptops.

What is the disadvantage of hibernate PC? ›

Advantages: Computer uses no power while in hibernate mode. Unsaved data is safe while Hibernating. Disadvantages: Slow procedure compared to Standby Mode. Computer can take several minutes to go into and come out of Hibernation; not ideal when quick access to the computer is necessary.

How often should you shut down your PC? ›

How Often Should A PC Be Powered Down? While shutting down your PC every night is optimal, you should restart your computer at least every 5-7 days. If you wait longer, your computer can experience a multitude of problems.

Is it good to shut down your computer every day? ›

While frequent restarts do cause more wear on components, it's fine to shut your machine down daily. From a maintenance standpoint, shut down at least once a week. From a green energy saving standpoint, shutdown and unplug or turn off surge protectors and power strips.

What happens if you turn off your computer without shutting it down? ›

Unplugging your computer to QUICKLY turn it off is never a good idea! Doing so can lead to data loss or corruption and potentially cause an electrical short, leading to a power spike. Power spikes can cause damage to your power supply—or to the computer itself—so it's best to avoid this at all costs.

Is hibernate better than shutting down? ›

Hibernate is nearly the same as Shut down, but it will save your place in Windows before shutting the PC down. Besides, Hibernate mode can be seen as an advanced Sleep.

How long can you hibernate your PC? ›

You can hibernate your laptop as long as you want. However, if I knew I weren't using my machine for a week, I would just turn it off. Really, anything more than a day and you should just power it off.

What happens if you hibernate your computer? ›

Uses. After hibernating, the hardware is powered down like a regular shutdown. The system can have a total loss of power for an indefinite length of time and then resume to the original state. Hibernation is mostly used in laptops, which have limited battery power available.

Should I shut down my PC laptop every night? ›

If you're not using your laptop for an extended period (e.g., overnight), shutting it down can help conserve energy and give your laptop a break. If you're going to be away for shorter periods, you might consider using sleep mode to save power while allowing for quicker access when you return.

Does putting a computer to sleep save energy? ›

Given the energy efficiency of computers today, sleep mode is able to save a significant amount of energy. The typical laptop uses 15-60 watts of energy when in use – and just 2 in sleep mode. The typical desktop and monitor uses 80-320 watts when in use, but just 5-10 watts in sleep mode.

How often should you restart your computer? ›

Even if you just received a new computer restarting should be performed at least once a week. While performing this needed maintenance takes time the benefits improves the systems availability and up time. Not doing this on a regular basis actually slows you down and robs you of valuable productivity.

Should I turn off my power supply when I turn off my computer? ›

There is no reason to be turning off the PSU unless you are going to work on the system, move the system, need to protect it from a potential surge causing event, or are leaving it off for a protracted period of time.

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